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This paper explores the wealth of options available to national transport policymakers who wish to support more compact and connected urban development, and provides clear inputs on how to prioritise, broadening the focus from facilitating movement, to achieving true accessibility. It outlines different types of transport policy instruments and governance reforms and examines 21 widely discussed interventions – including five that global experts identified as particularly effective for making cities more accessible. It ends with guiding principles for choosing and implementing the options best suited to each national context. 


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The Global Commission on the Economy and Climate will be launched on September 24th 2013 in New York. Former President of Mexico Felipe Calderón, Chair of the Commission, will speak at the launch meeting, which will take place just before the opening of the UN General Assembly and during ‘Climate Week’ in New York City. Other speakers include:

President Juan Manuel Santos, Colombia
Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg, Norway
Lena Ek, Minister for the Environment, Sweden
Kuntoro Mangkusubroto, Minister and head of the President’s Delivery Unit, Indonesia
Rt. Hon. Gregory Barker, Minister for Energy and Climate Change, UK
Boonam Shin, Ambassador for Climate Change, Republic of Korea
Jeremy Oppenheim, Director of the New Climate Economy project

20 May 2015: “When the future of the planet is at stake, there are no political frontiers, barriers or walls behind which we can hide to protect ourselves from the effects of environmental and social degradation. There is no room for the globalisation of indifference, the economy of exclusion or the throwaway culture so often denounced by Pope Francis. Of course, the path is not easy, since this ethical and moral responsibility calls into question the resetting of the development model, requiring a major political and economic commitment. However, as I said to the UN Climate Summit on 23 September 2014, 'the technological and operational bases needed to facilitate this mutual responsibility are already available or within our reach. We have the capacity to start and strengthen a true and beneficial process which will irrigate, as it were, through adaptation and mitigation activities, the field of economic and technological innovation where it is possible to cultivate two interconnected objectives: combating poverty and easing the effects of climate change'."

In a speech at the 2014 UN Climate Change Conference in Lima, Peru, Felipe Calderon explained the main findings of the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate. The report's practical recommendations will boost growth, generate savings and reduce climate risk.

The U.S. shale gas revolution has dramatically increased supplies of low-cost natural gas, upended U.S. coal markets, and led many electric utilities to switch from coal to natural gas, reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. While there remain concerns about some of the impacts of hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”), the trend toward increasing use of natural gas is widely expected to continue.

The UN Climate Change Conference (COP21) in Paris is a vital chance to advance a new era of better growth. 24 members of the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate call for stronger climate action ahead of COP 21.