Ingrid Bonde is the former Chief Financial Officer and Deputy Chief Executive Officer of Vattenfall AB. Vattenfall is one of the largest generators of electricity in Europe, and the largest producer of heat, with more than 10 million customers, primarily in Sweden, Germany and the Netherlands.
Emeritus Commission Members
The Global Commission on the Economy and Climate has benefited from the expertise and contributions of many distinguished members. We thank the following members of the Commission for their past work helping shape policy for better economic growth and a better climate.
Luísa Dias Diogo was Prime Minister of Mozambique from 2004 to 2010. From 1999-2004 she was Minister of Planning and Finance.
Daniel Doctoroff is the former President and Chief Executive Officer of Bloomberg LP, the leading provider of financial information. He joined Bloomberg in January 2008 as President of the company and was appointed Chief Executive Officer in August 2011. In recent years he has led Bloomberg through the financial crisis, achieving record results each year.
S. (Kris) Gopalakrishnan is the former Executive Vice Chairman of Infosys, a company he founded in 1981 along with N.R. Narayana Murthy and five others. He was President of the Confederation of Indian Industry for 2013.
Stuart Gulliver is the Former Group Chief Executive of HSBC Holdings plc. He is also Chairman of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited. Mr Gulliver joined HSBC in 1980 and has held a number of key roles in the Group’s operations worldwide, including postings in London, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Kuala Lumpur and the United Arab Emirates.
Zhu Levin served as President and CEO of China International Capital Corporation Limited (CICC) for nearly 17 years.
Michel Liès is Chief Executive Officer of the Swiss Re Group, one of the world’s leading global wholesale providers of reinsurance, insurance and other insurance-based forms of risk transfer. He has served in this role since February 2012.
Trevor Manuel served as Minister in the Presidency and Chairperson of the National Planning Commission of South Africa. Elected to Parliament in 1994 in South Africa’s first free elections, he was Minister of Trade from 1994-96 before being appointed Finance Minister by Nelson Mandela. He was Finance Minister from 1996-2009, one of the longest serving in that post in the country’s history.
Annise Parker is Mayor of Houston, one of only two women to hold the office. She is responsible for all aspects of the general management of the city and for enforcement of all laws and ordinances. A second generation native Houstonian, she is the only person in the city’s history to hold the offices of council member, controller and mayor.
Nemat Shafik is the Deputy Governor of the Bank of England, serving on the Global Commission in a personal capacity. Previously, she was the Deputy Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund from April 2011 until June 2014, where she oversaw work on countries in Europe and the Middle East.